What other models exist?

The nine models that we present are not the only models that exist for regulating marijuana, but choices had to be made. We think these eight models deal with the biggest present-day issues.

In the years gone by other models have come and gone. On this page follows a recital of some of the other ideas that have been proposed. Hopefully this page will grow with more models and ideas in the future.

Canadian Framework 
The Canadian government’s Task Force on Marijuana Legalization and Regulation released their recommendations to the government on the 13th of december 2016. The extensive report discusses nine key public policy objectives and outlines numerous specific recommendations in regard to production, distribution, sale, consumption and more. A summary about this interesting developments can be found here.

Tilburgs culture covenant

The medical cannabis policy seems settled, but the reality is different. Many patients who receive medicinal cannabis on prescription through pharmacies indicate that the sterilized Bedrocan types do not meet their needs, so they indicate that they are looking for an alternative outside the pharmacy. Including through coffee shops but also through home cultivation. Recently, a Tilburg foundation has made a successful application to the mayor Noordanus to allow the home cultivation of cannabis for medicinal purposes. More information can be found here.

Initiative law closed coffeeshop chain 

Recently, there is a parliamentary majority that signed a bill by D66 which should make the controlled cultivation to supply coffeeshops possible. The model expands the 'gedoogbeleid' policy so that it includes the supply chain, so then it will still be illegal but also allowed. How it works - is still unclear. Read more about the proposal by D66.

VNG workgroup

This initiative by a number of municipalities that are also involved in the Joint Regulation manifesto is a temporary administrative working group set up within the Association serving an update of the cannabis policy. This has led to draw up a report and a position paper, which was endorsed by 89.5% of Dutch Municipalities at a VNG conference, please read this page for information about the focal points.

Research Heerlen

In Heerlen, in response to an adopted Council motion on the regulation of cannabis cultivation a field trial was conducted in which a business case has been described. It is based on an integrated approach from four steps: prevention, enforcement, follow-up and regulation. In the study 14 weed species are mentioned that typically could be supplied through a controlled supply to coffee shops in Heerlen. There was emphasis on prudential requirements, safety requirements and legal feasibility. Read more about this initiative.

Model Crone

In this model, named after the mayor of Leeuwarden, outlets regulate the production, quality control, distribution and sale of cannabis. The policy of tolerance has been expanded to cultivation. Mayor Crone said: "We cannot legalize the trade but prohibition makes no sense either. Through the extension of the grace structure to the backdoor, we can also monitor the supply chain aswel". Read more about his ideas.

The transparent chain

On October 30, 2013 the Congress 'the transparent chain', initiated by the Epicurus Foundation and the Transnational Institute, was organized in Utrecht. It intended to put the debate on organizing and controlling the back door of the coffee shop on the social and political agenda, also because U.S. states had begun with this, Uruguay parliament agreed with legalization and in Spain cannabis social clubs were shooting from the ground like mushrooms. In this section you can read more about it.